Scoliosis Q&A

What is scoliosis?

Scoliosis is a curvature of the spine. There are several kinds of scoliosis. Functional scoliosis is caused by an abnormality elsewhere in the body, such as where one leg is shorter than the other.  Neuromuscular scoliosis is due to abnormal development of the vertebrae. Juvenile and adolescent are the most common and high-risk forms of scoliosis.  The treatments will vary based on the kind of scoliosis present in the back and the age of the patient.

What are the different types of scoliosis?

There are three basic types of scoliosis. The most common type is idiopathic scoliosis. Idiopathic scoliosis is characterized by a person’s age at the time of diagnosis and the type of curvature that is present. Infantile, juvenile and adolescent are all forms of idiopathic scoliosis. Congenital scoliosis is present at birth and is sometimes severe enough that surgery is required. Neuromuscular scoliosis is a result of abnormal muscles and nerves, and is common in people with cerebral palsy and spina bifida. Degenerative scoliosis is often diagnosed in the elderly as bones in the spine begin to deteriorate and the spine begins to shift.

How is scoliosis treated?

Spinal subluxation is common in those with scoliosis, which can cause to back pain or nervous system disturbances. Fortunately, our chiropractors are specially trained to locate and correct areas of spinal subluxation. If you suspect scoliosis, the first thing you should do is visit your chiropractor. Not only do they work hard to reduce the symptoms caused by altered spinal mechanics, chiropractors do their best to reduce the curve angle. The doctors will perform a variety of tests and based on exam findings and X-ray evaluation, our doctors of chiropractic use special scoliosis tractioning to correct the spinal deviation.  Spinal manipulation and adjustments, therapeutic exercises, electrical muscle stimulation with moist heat, have also been found to be helpful treatment options.